Format of a CASE REPORT ARTICLE ( *case reports are not accepted* )

Case reports are no longer accepted for publishing in Advances in Medical Sciences. Information provided below is strictly for the information of authors who have submitted their article earlier.


Case report articles describe an individual patient, uncommon clinical case or a new or improved method of management or treatment.


Case report submitted should be divided into the following sections (in this order):

-       Title page

-       Abstract (with Key words)

-       Introduction

-       Case presentation

-       Discussion

-       Conclusions

-       Acknowledgements

-       References




It should contain the following information:

-       Title,

-       Shortened running title

-       Full names of authors and their affiliations,

-       Corresponding author contact information (address, telephone, fax, e-mail).




The acknowledgments of the contributions of colleagues can be stated in this section. Acknowledgments for financial support must be cited on the corresponding section.




Tables should be typed on a separate sheet of paper and a title for each one of them should be provided. Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text. Vertical rules should be used. The position of each table should be indicated in the manuscript. Tables must be sent in Microsoft Word format and have no links to the main document or other archives.




Figures should be numbered in Arabic numerals in order of appearance in the text, where they are referred to as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc. Figures that include more than one image should be labelled as a, b, c, etc. (small letters).

Figure legends with descriptive titles should be provided on separate pages. If needed a short description is also accepted. Footnotes can be included below the figure.

  • Photographs must be in JPG or TIFF format, preferred resolution 300 dpi.
  • Drawings must be in JPG, GIF or EPS format
  • Graphs must be in JPG, EPS or PDF format



Should be numbered in the order they appear within the manuscript and listed in ‘References section’;

In the text they should be referred to by numbers in square brackets. In the ‘References section’ items should be listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text, not alphabetically. All authors of the cited items should be included, regardless of the number. Journals titles should be abbreviated as shown in Index Medicus.


In References section of the article please use the following citation style (exactly as it is given):


                           National Library of Medicine (NLM) Bibliographic Style

Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers, 2nd Edition 2007




Citing Published Print Documents


Journal Articles

1. Petitti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG, Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurol. 2005 Jan;62(1):112-6.


2. Jun BC, Song SW, Park CS, Lee DH, Cho KJ, Cho JH. The analysis of maxillary sinus aeration according to aging process: volume assessment by 3-dimensional reconstruction by high-resolutional CT scanning. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Mar;132(3):429-34.



Entire Books

3. Jenkins PF. Making sense of the chest x-ray: a hands-on guide. New York: Oxford University Press; 2005. 194 p.


4. Eyre HJ, Lange DP, Morris LB. Informed decisions: the complete book of cancer diagnosis, treatment, and recovery. 2nd ed. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; c2002. 768 p.



Chapter in a Book

5. Riffenburgh RH. Statistics in medicine. 2nd ed. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Elsevier Academic Press; c2006. Chapter 24, Regression and correlation methods; p. 447-86.



Conference Proceedings

Standard proceedings with a book title in addition to the conference title

6. Ferreira de Oliveira MJ, editor. Accessibility and quality of health services. Proceedings of the 28th Meeting of the European Working Group on Operational Research Applied to Health Services (ORAHS); 2002 Jul 28-Aug 2; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Frankfurt (Germany): Peter Lang; c2004. 287 p.


Standard proceedings without a book title in addition to the conference title

7. Dittmar A, Beebe D, editors. 1st Annual International IEEE-EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine & Biology; 2000 Oct 12-14; Palais des Congres, Lyon, France. Piscataway (NJ): IEEE; c2000. 643 p.



Citations to Conference Papers

Paper from a proceedings with a book title

8. Arendt T. Alzheimer's disease as a disorder of dynamic brain self-organization. In: van Pelt J, Kamermans M, Levelt CN, van Ooyen A, Ramakers GJ, Roelfsema PR, editors. Development, dynamics, and pathology of neuronal networks: from molecules to functional circuits. Proceedings of the 23rd International Summer School of Brain Research; 2003 Aug 25-29; Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Elsevier; 2005. p.355-78.


Paper from a proceedings without a book title

9. Rice AS, Farquhar-Smith WP, Bridges D, Brooks JW. Canabinoids and pain. In: Dostorovsky JO, Carr DB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain; 2002 Aug 17-22; San Diego, CA. Seattle (WA): IASP Press; c2003. p. 437-68.



Citing Material on the Internet


Journal Articles on the Internet

10. Poole KE, Compston JE. Osteoporosis and its management. BMJ [Internet]. 2006 Dec 16 [cited 2007 Jan 4];333(7581):1251-6. Available from:





11. Complementary/Integrative Medicine [Internet]. Houston: University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Cancer Center; c2007 [cited 2007 Feb 21]. Available from:


Website with author(s)

12. Hooper JF. Psychiatry & the Law: Forensic Psychiatric Resource Page [Internet]. Tuscaloosa (AL): University of Alabama, Department of Psychiatry and Neurology; 1999 Jan 1 [updated 2006 Jul 8; cited 2007 Feb 23]. Available from:


For other types of citations read: 

Patrias, Karen. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling, Daniel L., technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 [insert Year Month Day]. Available from: