Evaluation of bone loss at single-stage and two-stage implant abutments of fixed partial dentures
Koczorowski R, Surdacka A
Introduction: Fixed partial dentures (FPDs) can be supported on implant abutments only or on single-stage and two-stage implants and teeth.
Purpose: The purpose of
this study was a comparative analysis of bone loss at the
single-stage and two-stage implant abutments of fixed partial
dentures used to restore missing teeth classified as Class I or Class
II according to the Kennedy classification.
Material and methods: 32 patients were treated by using 49 FPDs supported on implants and teeth worn for 2-6 years. Bone loss at the implant abutments of FPDs was evaluated by one examiner using a special ruler with a measuring scale and images of implants. Measurements were conducted at 26 single-stage implants and 50 two-stage implant abutments based on panoramic radiographs.
Results: Statistical analysis showed that the mean bone loss at implants after 2 years was 0.70 mm± 0.50. The mean bone loss at implants after 6 years was 1.73 mm±0.41.
The bone loss of the alveolar ridge at the single-stage implants was greater than at the two-stage implants but it was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Prosthetic treatment of missing teeth classified as Class I or II according to the Kennedy classification with FPDs may result in bone loss less than 2 mm after 6 years.
Both single-stage and two-stage intraosseous implants can be suitable for the implant-prosthetic treatment of patients with alar lack of teeth.
Key words: fixed partial dentures, intraosseous implants, alveolar bone loss.